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Adele in Sand Land by Claude Ponti
American Street by Ibi Zoboi
Arnold of the Ducks by Mordicai Gerstein
Be Prepared by Vera Brosgol
Black Ice by Andy Lane
The Care and Feeding of a Pet Black Hole by Michelle Cuevas
Chile Death by Susan Wittig Albert
Chu's Day by Neil Gaiman
The Heart and Mind of Frances Pauley by April Stevens
The Improbable Theory of Ana and Zak by Brian Katcher
L. Frank Baum: Creator of Oz by Katharine M. Rogers
The Lost Books: The Scroll of Kings by Sarah Prineas
Mazes and Labyrinths: Their History and Development by W.H. Matthews
Monster Trouble! by Lane Fredrickson and Michael Robertson
Murder Past Due by D.R. Meredith
No Man of Woman Born by Ana Mardoll
Orion and the Dark by Emma Yarlett
Oscar Lives Next Door by Bonnie Farmer
Paths & Portals by Gene Luen Yang
The Phantom of Nantucket by Carolyn Keene
Ruddy Gore by Kerry Greenwood
Secret Coders by Gene Luen Yang and Mike Holmes
Secrets & Sequences by Gene Luen Yang and Mike Holmes
Slug Days by Sara Leach
Somnambulance by Fiona Smyth
The Spook in the Stacks by Eva Gates
Tenements, Towers & Trash by Julia Wertz
That Book Woman by Heather Henson
This Is Just a Test by Madelyn Rosenberg and Wendy Wan-Long Shang
This Is Not the Abby Show by Debbie Reed Fischer
Under His Spell by Marie P. Croall and Hyeondo Park

Miscellaneous
It's Monday! What Are You Reading? (August 06, 2018)
It's Monday! What Are You Reading? (August 13, 2018)
It's Monday! What Are You Reading? (August 20, 2018)
July 2018 Sources
July 2018 Summary

Road Essays
FFFFFF: The far end of the spectrum: orphans who cross the cornfield to utopia
FFFF66: Orphans going off road to reach utopia
FFFF00: The highway to utopia leads to self discovery for orphans
FFCCFF: Orphans through cornfields and time How I classify the road narrative protagonist

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2 stars: OK
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Mazes and Labyrinths: Their History and Development: 08/24/18

Mazes and Labyrinths: Their History and Development

Mazes and Labyrinths: Their History and Development by W.H. Matthews is a history of mazes and labyrinths from ancient times to the present (as of the time it was written). The book is available through the Internet Archive as a downloadable PDF.

The word maze and labyrinth can be used interchangeably but some scholars and aficionados prefer to keep the two concepts separately. Per points brought up in The Way to Bea by Kat Yeh as well as some discussion in Matthews's exhaustive study, I have chosen to differentiate the two.

Labyrinths are primarily circular paths with an ending in the middle. The goal is to walk the path and meditate. Mazes are primarily rectangular with numerous blind alleys with the goal being an outside exit that is different from the entrance after passing through the center.

Where things get tricky is the minotaur. The minotaur is a monster imprisoned in the center of a maze like dungeon. As there is no exit beyond the entrance where the sacrifices are sent to their doom and the goal is the monster in the middle, his prison is almost always referred to as a labyrinth. Matthews shows how the concept of the minotaur's prison has evolved over the centuries — as well as the minotaur's basic shape.

One place this book falls short (beyond its survey ending at the start of the 20th century) is the lack of new world examples. Here in the United States, there is the corn maze or maize maze, if you will. The corn maze is part of the fall / Halloween tradition but how corn and mazes are interpreted depends on the region and ethnic group. They are often associated with the dead and the underworld but again, whether or not that association is a positive one depends on the person telling the story.

I'm still debating whether or not nonfiction road narrative references should be classified in the spectrum. However, as I have already classified some, I have decided to classify this one. As it is a history of mazes and labyrinths and the use of minotaur iconography, I'm putting it in #9933CC (minotaur, maze, rural).

I have taken numerous notes from the book and will be transcribing them to Tumblr.

Three stars

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